The three factors blocking the agreement are the Constitution, the flag and the merger of parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Manipur, which adjoin Nagaland to form a larger Nagalim. In their initial demands, parts of Myanmar also insisted that they be merged with Nagalim – an impossibility. In his speech to the people of Nagaland on 14 August, Muivah briefly recounted the history of the Naga movement and said that “the framework agreement recognizes the sovereignty of Nagas.” He also stated unequivocally that “the Nagas will co-exist with India, which shares sovereign powers, as agreed… But they will not merge with India. What complicates matters further is that the framework agreement was subtly manipulated by the interlocutor, held incommunicado since his signing on 3 August 2015. In a certain paragraph of the agreement, which says “that the dialogue between the Indian government and the NSCN has been completed, and we are convinced that it provides for a lasting peaceful relationship, on all sides, between two entities,” the word was deleted, which changed the very meaning of the agreement itself. This angered the leaders of NSCN (I-M). They no longer trust Ravi and have asked that he be replaced as an interlocutor. The National Socialist Council of Nagaland-IM published for the first time the details of the 2015 framework agreement, accusing interlocutor R.N. Ravi of removing a keyword from the original document and sharing the modified version with other Naga groups. Five years have already passed since 2015 and most Naga groups are generally tired from the long discussions. Better take what is offered has become their mantra, not for what cannot be granted.
It is clear what the NSCN`s motive is – to strengthen its call on the Modi government for Ravi, including the governor of Nagaland, to be an interlocutor. The reason for the rush to trigger a framework agreement and crash was the deteriorating health of Isak Chishi Swu, who was treated in a New Delhi hospital. Unfortunately, for health reasons, Swu was unable to participate in the signing of the agreement. He died on June 28, 2016. Five years ago, the framework agreement between the Indian government and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isaac-Muivah) was signed with much uproar. This was done in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and NSCN (I-M) Secretary General Thuingaleng Muivah with R N Ravi, the interlocutor who signed the agreement on behalf of the EU government. It was touted as a “historic” agreement to used an era of peace and tranquillity in a region shaken by violence for nearly five decades. “The sensitive point is that in complete contradiction with the framework agreement, Ravi presented a misleading report to Parliament`s Standing Committee,” the panel said. It considered that such reports, which are not related to an agreement with the NSCN negotiating team, have now become a source of pain in political discussions between Indo-Naga. NSCN-IM, one of Naga`s largest groups, signed a framework agreement on August 3, 2015 to end the decades-old issue. In 2015, with the Narendra Modi government firmly in power and Prime Minister Modi insisting on a quick solution to the conflict, a framework agreement was signed, which laid the groundwork for the ongoing peace talks.
For now, she also doesn`t want to blame Naga leaders for the disagreements between them, but to make Ravi the only factor behind. They could not have done otherwise, the NSCN argues, because Ravi gave them a “doctoral” copy of the agreement.