The WTO was created in 1995 to succeed the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) created after the Second World War. THE WTO agreements, which are important for food protection measures, are measures relating to health and plant health measures (SPS) 2 and technical barriers to trade (OTC). The SPS and OBT agreements are complementary, both constituting the general legal basis for other legally binding international agreements and instruments that will be adopted on a voluntary basis, such as the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (Karnicki, 1996). The SPS agreement includes: relevant laws, regulations and regulations; testing, inspection, certification and authorisation procedures; packaging and labelling requirements directly related to food safety. On the other hand, the TBT agreement includes all technical rules relating to traditional quality factors, fraudulent practices, packaging and markings. Following the UK`s vote to leave the European Union, proponents of leaving the European Union proposed that Article 24, paragraph 5B of the treaty could be used to maintain a “stalemate” in trade conditions between the UK and the EU if the UK left the EU without a trade deal, thereby preventing the imposition of tariffs. Proponents of this approach believe that it could be used to implement an interim agreement until a final agreement of up to ten years is negotiated.  The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade came into force on 1 January 1948. This brochure contains the full text of the general agreement as well as all the amendments that have come into force since it came into force.
The text is identical to that published since 1969 under the title Volume IV in the Basic Instruments and Selected Documents series. An appendix is a guide to the legal sources of the terms of the agreement. The secretariat establishes and publishes an analytical index containing comments on the development, interpretation and application of the articles of the agreement. A second publication completes the text of the agreements reached following the Tokyo round of multilateral trade negotiations (1973-1979). When the Dillon cycle went through the laborious process of collective bargaining by post, it became clear, well before the end of the cycle, that a more comprehensive approach was needed to address the emerging challenges arising from the creation of the European Economic Community (EEC) and EFTA, as well as to make Europe a major international distributor in general. The fourth round returned to Geneva in 1955 and lasted until May 1956. 26 countries participated in the cycle. $2.5 billion in tariffs have been eliminated or reduced. Imports from third countries were subject to variable import duties prior to the introduction of the GATT/WTO (WTO) agreement on 1 July 1995. These taxes are now converted into a fixed tariff, payable in euros per tonne or as a percentage of the entry price.
Under the agreement, rates were reduced by an average of 36% compared to the 1986-1988 reference period. In addition, the GATT/WTO agreement provides minimum quotas for access to tariffs at reduced rates of 5% of consumption over the reference period. In addition, the European Union is obliged to grant access to butter originating in New Zealand at a very low rate. This amount is the average amount of Annual exports from New Zealand to the United Kingdom under bilateral agreements during the GTT and WTO base period. Following the commitments of THE GATT and the WTO, the European Union has concluded a series of bilateral agreements aimed at facilitating market access on a reciprocal basis.